Microservices architecture Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing microservices and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • A

    appliance computing

    Appliance computing is an Internet-based computing architecture where software applications reside on a Web server rather than on the end-user's workstation.

  • application integration (enterprise application integration or EAI)

    Application integration (sometimes called enterprise application integration or EAI) is the process of bringing data or a function from one application program together with that of another application program.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • application service provider (ASP)

    An application service provider (ASP) is an old-fashioned name for a company that offers individuals or enterprises internet access to applications and related services. The term has largely been replaced by software as a service (SaaS) provider, although in some parts of the world, companies use the two labels interchangeably.

  • aptent

    Aptent (pronounced AP-tehnt, compounded from 'application' and 'content') is the combination of computer program applications with textual and graphic content on the Internet.

  • ASPIC (Application Service Provider Industry Consortium)

    ASPIC (Application Service Provider Industry Consortium) is a non-profit, international advocacy group comprised of some 700 companies in nearly 30 countries.

  • attribute

    In general, an attribute is a property or characteristic.

  • avatar

    In a UNIX environment, an avatar is special user who is given the authority to access all file directories and files under the root directory.

  • awk

    awk (also written as Awk and AWK) is a utility that enables a programmer to write tiny but effective programs in the form of statements that define text patterns that are to be searched for in each line of a document and the action that is to be taken when a match is found within a line.

  • B

    banner

    Depending on how it's used, a banner is either a graphic image that announces the name or identity of a site (and often is spread across the width of the Web page) or is an advertising image.

  • banner blindness

    Banner blindness is the tendency of people to ignore banner ads on Web sites.

  • Bean

    In its JavaBeans application program interface for writing a component, Sun Microsystems calls a component a "Bean" (thus continuing their coffee analogy).

  • BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer)

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer) is an architectural approach for exchanging content with a Web site or Web services and is similar to REST or SOAP.

  • bevel

    In graphic design, bevel is a raised effect created by applying highlight and shadow colors to the inside and outside edges of the border of an image or text area in order to create the illusion that the image or text area has three dimensions.

  • BitPass

    BitPass is a micropayment service that facilitates online content access transactions by integrating the processes involved in buying and selling content, and making it practical to charge very small amounts of money.

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