Microservices architecture Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing microservices and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • N

    Netscape

    Netscape Communications was a computer services company best known for its Web browser, Navigator. Navigator was one of the two most popular Web browsers in the 1990s. (Continued...)

  • Netscape Server Application Programming Interface (NSAPI)

    NSAPI (Netscape Server Application Programming Interface) is an (application program interface) that is provided with Netscape Web server to help developers build faster and more complex Web-based applications by extending the server capabilities.

  • network access point (NAP)

    In the United States, a network access point (NAP) is one of several major Internet interconnection points that serve to tie all the Internet access providers together so that, for example, an AT&T user in Portland, Oregon can reach the Web site of a Bell South customer in Miami, Florida.

  • new media

    New media is a catch-all term for all forms of electronic communication that have appeared or will appear since the original mainly text-and-static picture forms of online communication.

  • NewsML

    Based on the Extensible Markup Language (XML), NewsML is a standard way to describe news information content so that it can distributed and reused widely on Web sites and other media.

  • non-virtual hosting

    Non-virtual hosting is offering to host a Web site for an Internet user or company within the same domain name as that of the service provider.

  • O

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

  • OAuth

    OAuth (Open Authorization) is an open protocol for token-based authentication and authorization on the Internet. OAuth, which is pronounced "oh-auth," allows an end users’ account information to be used by third-party services, such as Facebook, without exposing the user's password.

  • object

    In object-oriented programming (OOP), objects are the things you think about first in designing a program and they are also the units of code that are eventually derived from the process.

  • Object Management Group (OMG)

    The OMG (Object Management Group) was formed in 1989 by a group of vendors for the purpose of creating a standard architecture for distributed objects (also known as "components") in networks.

  • Object Request Broker (ORB)

    Also see ORBS, a term easily confused with ORB. In Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA), an Object Request Broker (ORB) is the programming that acts as a "broker" between a client request for a service from a distributed object or component and the completion of that request.

  • object-oriented programming (OOP)

    Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model where programs are organized around data, or objects, rather than functions and logic.

  • online service provider (OSP)

    On the Internet, OSP (online service provider) has several different meanings.

  • OOPSLA (Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications)

    OOPSLA is the annual conference for Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications, sponsored by the SIGPLAN and SIGSOFT groups of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

  • open API (public API)

    An open API, also known as a public API, is an application programming interface that allows the owner of a network-accessible service to give universal access to consumers of that service, such as developers.

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