Managing architectures Definitions

  • M

    middleware

    Middleware is the software that connects network-based requests generated by a client to the back-end data the client is requesting.

  • MIM (MME)

    A MIM or MME file is a file in the Multi-Purpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) format that is created by some e-mail programs, including that of America Online (AOL), to encapsulate e-mail that contains image or program attachments.

  • mobile virtual network operator (MVNO)

    A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a services provider in the mobile device industry that provides wireless communications services including voice and data to customers over a wireless network infrastructure owned by a third-party mobile network operator (MNO).

  • MPEG standards (Moving Picture Experts Group)

    The MPEG standards are an evolving set of standards for video and audio compression and for multimedia delivery developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

  • MQSeries

    MQSeries is an IBM software family whose components are used to tie together other software applications so that they can work together.

  • multilink bundle

    A multilink bundle is a collection of simultaneously opened bandwidth channels, including video and data links, that are coherently and logically controlled by preset commands.

  • N

    network access point (NAP)

    In the United States, a network access point (NAP) is one of several major Internet interconnection points that serve to tie all the Internet access providers together so that, for example, an AT&T user in Portland, Oregon can reach the Web site of a Bell South customer in Miami, Florida.

  • O

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

  • OAuth

    OAuth (Open Authorization) is an open protocol for token-based authentication and authorization on the Internet. OAuth, which is pronounced "oh-auth," allows an end users’ account information to be used by third-party services, such as Facebook, without exposing the user's password.

  • Object Request Broker (ORB)

    Also see ORBS, a term easily confused with ORB. In Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA), an Object Request Broker (ORB) is the programming that acts as a "broker" between a client request for a service from a distributed object or component and the completion of that request.

  • OOPSLA (Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications)

    OOPSLA is the annual conference for Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications, sponsored by the SIGPLAN and SIGSOFT groups of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

  • Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA)

    The Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) is a set of standards defining the way in which information is shared among diverse components of large, heterogeneous grid systems.

  • Open Profiling Standard (OPS)

    Open Profiling Standard (OPS) is a proposed standard for how Web users can control the personal information they share with Web sites.

  • P

    paid inclusion

    Paid inclusion is a search engine marketing model in which Web site owners pay a search engine company to guarantee their sites will show up in search results.

  • palette

    Lynda Weinman's 216-color palette for Mac and Windows browsers For actual RGB values to specify, see our table containing the 216-Color Browser-Safe Palette.

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