App portability/interoperability Definitions

  • A

    applet

    An applet (little application) is a small software program that supports a larger application program. In the past, the term applet was often associated with the Java programming language.

  • application integration (enterprise application integration or EAI)

    Application integration (sometimes called enterprise application integration or EAI) is the process of bringing data or a function from one application program together with that of another application program.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • B

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer)

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer) is an architectural approach for exchanging content with a Web site or Web services and is similar to REST or SOAP.

  • bot (robot)

    A bot (short for "robot") is a program that operates as an agent for a user or another program or simulates a human activity.

  • C

    CAP theorem (Brewer's theorem)

    The CAP theorem is the idea that a distributed computing system is not able to provide partition tolerance, consistency and availability at the same time.  

  • D

    data source object (DSO)

    A data source object (DSO) is a Microsoft ActiveX object embedded within a Web page. It employs a process called data binding, in which an ActiveX control communicates directly with another Web page, or with an external XML data source.

  • E

    EAI (enterprise application integration)

    Enterprise application integration (EAI) is the task of uniting the databases and workflows associated with business applications to ensure that the business uses the information consistently and that changes to core business data made by one application are correctly reflected in others.

  • Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)

    An enterprise service bus (ESB) is a middleware tool used to distribute work among connected components of an application.

  • EPIC (Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing)

    (EPIC also stand for Electronic Privacy Information Center.

  • explicit parallelism

    Explicit parallelism is a concept of processor-compiler efficiency in which a group of instructions is sent from the compiler to the processor for simultaneous rather than sequential execution.

  • G

    GraphQL

    GraphQL is a query language that describes how a client should request information through an application programming interface (API). In a broad sense, GraphQL is a syntax that developers can use to ask for specific data and return that data from multiple sources. Once the client defines the structure of the data needed, the exact same structure of data is returned from the server.

  • I

    IDEF (Integrated Definition)

    IDEF (for Integrated Definition) is a group of modeling methods that can be used to describe operations in an enterprise.

  • interoperability

    Interoperability (pronounced IHN-tuhr-AHP-uhr-uh-BIHL-ih-tee) is the ability of different systems, devices, applications or products to connect and communicate in a coordinated way, without effort from the end user.

  • M

    mask

    In graphic design, a mask is a tool that allows you to protect a specific area of an image from modification.

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