App portability/interoperability Definitions

  • A

    applet

    An applet (little application) is a small software program that supports a larger application program. In the past, the term applet was often associated with the Java programming language.

  • application integration (enterprise application integration or EAI)

    Application integration (sometimes called enterprise application integration or EAI) is the process of bringing data or a function from one application program together with that of another application program.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • B

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer)

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer) is an architectural approach for exchanging content with a Web site or Web services and is similar to REST or SOAP.

  • bot (robot)

    A bot (short for "robot") is a program that operates as an agent for a user or another program or simulates a human activity.

  • C

    CAP theorem (Brewer's theorem)

    The CAP theorem is the idea that a distributed computing system is not able to provide partition tolerance, consistency and availability at the same time.  

  • D

    data source object (DSO)

    A data source object (DSO) is a Microsoft ActiveX object embedded within a Web page. It employs a process called data binding, in which an ActiveX control communicates directly with another Web page, or with an external XML data source.

  • E

    EAI (enterprise application integration)

    Enterprise application integration (EAI) is the task of uniting the databases and workflows associated with business applications to ensure that the business uses the information consistently and that changes to core business data made by one application are correctly reflected in others.

  • enterprise service bus (ESB)

    An enterprise service bus (ESB) is a middleware tool used to distribute work among connected components of an application.

  • EPIC (Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing)

    (EPIC also stand for Electronic Privacy Information Center.

  • explicit parallelism

    Explicit parallelism is a concept of processor-compiler efficiency in which a group of instructions is sent from the compiler to the processor for simultaneous rather than sequential execution.

  • I

    IDEF (Integrated Definition)

    IDEF (for Integrated Definition) is a group of modeling methods that can be used to describe operations in an enterprise.

  • interoperability

    Interoperability (pronounced IHN-tuhr-AHP-uhr-uh-BIHL-ih-tee) is the ability of a system or a product to work with other systems or products without special effort on the part of the customer.

  • M

    mask

    In graphic design, a mask is a tool that allows you to protect a specific area of an image from modification.

  • microservices

    Microservices, or microservice architecture, is an approach to application development in which a large application is built as a suite of modular components or services.

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