Data binding is a process that allows an Internet user to manipulate Web page elements using a Web browser. It employs dynamic HTML (hypertext markup language) and does not require complex scripting or programming. Data binding first became available with Microsoft Internet Explorer (MSIE) version 4. It can be used in conjunction with that and all subsequent versions of MSIE to create and view interactive Web sites with a minimum demand on authoring time, subscriber effort, server drive space, and server processing resources.
The data binding architecture consists of data source objects (DSOs) that supply the information to viewed pages, data consumers that display the DSO information, and agents that ensure that the data is synchronized between the DSOs and the consumers. Data binding is used in Web pages that contain interactive components such as forms, calculators, tutorials, and games. Pages are displayed incrementally so that portions of a page can be used even before the entire page has finished downloading. This makes data binding convenient when pages contain large amounts of data and bandwidth is limited.
Data binding has been used by hackers in attempts to gain access to the hard drives of Internet users. This is known as a DSO exploit.