O - Definitions

  • O

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

  • OAuth

    OAuth (Open Authorization) is an open protocol for token-based authentication and authorization on the Internet. OAuth, which is pronounced "oh-auth," allows an end users’ account information to be used by third-party services, such as Facebook, without exposing the user's password.

  • object

    In object-oriented programming (OOP), objects are the things you think about first in designing a program and they are also the units of code that are eventually derived from the process.

  • Object Management Group (OMG)

    The OMG (Object Management Group) was formed in 1989 by a group of vendors for the purpose of creating a standard architecture for distributed objects (also known as "components") in networks.

  • Object Request Broker (ORB)

    Also see ORBS, a term easily confused with ORB. In Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA), an Object Request Broker (ORB) is the programming that acts as a "broker" between a client request for a service from a distributed object or component and the completion of that request.

  • object-oriented programming (OOP)

    Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model organized around "objects" rather than "actions" and data rather than logic. (Continued...)

  • online service provider (OSP)

    On the Internet, OSP (online service provider) has several different meanings.

  • OOPSLA (Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications)

    OOPSLA is the annual conference for Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications, sponsored by the SIGPLAN and SIGSOFT groups of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

  • open API (public API)

    An open API, also known as a public API, is an application programming interface that allows the owner of a network-accessible service to give universal access to consumers of that service, such as developers.

  • Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA)

    The Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) is a set of standards defining the way in which information is shared among diverse components of large, heterogeneous grid systems.

  • Open Profiling Standard (OPS)

    Open Profiling Standard (OPS) is a proposed standard for how Web users can control the personal information they share with Web sites.

  • Open Source Development Labs (OSDL)

    Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) is a nonprofit corporation founded by IBM, Intel, and Computer Associates to support Linux developers and users.

  • OpenType

    OpenType is a file format for scalable (outline) font files that extends the existing TrueType font file format used by Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh operating systems.

  • ORBS (Open Relay Behavior-modification System)

    A similar but unrelated term is ORB (Object Request Broker).

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