App portability/interoperability Definitions

  • A

    applet

    An applet (little application) is a small software program that supports a larger application program. In the past, the term applet was often associated with the Java programming language.

  • application integration (enterprise application integration or EAI)

    Application integration (sometimes called enterprise application integration or EAI) is the process of bringing data or a function from one application program together with that of another application program.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • B

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer)

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer) is an architectural approach for exchanging content with a Web site or Web services and is similar to REST or SOAP.

  • D

    data source object (DSO)

    A data source object (DSO) is a Microsoft ActiveX object embedded within a Web page. It employs a process called data binding, in which an ActiveX control communicates directly with another Web page, or with an external XML data source.

  • E

    EAI (enterprise application integration)

    EAI (enterprise application integration) is a business computing term for the plans, methods, and tools aimed at modernizing, consolidating, and coordinating the computer applications in an enterprise.

  • enterprise service bus (ESB)

    An enterprise service bus (ESB) is a middleware tool used to distribute work among connected components of an application.

  • I

    IDEF (Integrated Definition)

    IDEF (for Integrated Definition) is a group of modeling methods that can be used to describe operations in an enterprise.

  • interoperability

    Interoperability (pronounced IHN-tuhr-AHP-uhr-uh-BIHL-ih-tee) is the ability of a system or a product to work with other systems or products without special effort on the part of the customer.

  • M

    mask

    In graphic design, a mask is a tool that allows you to protect a specific area of an image from modification.

  • mobile middleware

    Mobile middleware is software that connects disparate mobile applications, programs and systems.

  • O

    object

    In object-oriented programming (OOP), objects are the things you think about first in designing a program and they are also the units of code that are eventually derived from the process.

  • Object Management Group (OMG)

    The OMG (Object Management Group) was formed in 1989 by a group of vendors for the purpose of creating a standard architecture for distributed objects (also known as "components") in networks.

  • Object Request Broker (ORB)

    Also see ORBS, a term easily confused with ORB. In Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA), an Object Request Broker (ORB) is the programming that acts as a "broker" between a client request for a service from a distributed object or component and the completion of that request.

  • object-oriented programming (OOP)

    Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model organized around "objects" rather than "actions" and data rather than logic. (Continued...)

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