App integration Definitions

  • A

    applet

    An applet (little application) is a small software program that supports a larger application program. In the past, the term applet was often associated with the Java programming language.

  • application integration (enterprise application integration or EAI)

    Application integration (sometimes called enterprise application integration or EAI) is the process of bringing data or a function from one application program together with that of another application program.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • E

    EAI (enterprise application integration)

    EAI (enterprise application integration) is a business computing term for the plans, methods, and tools aimed at modernizing, consolidating, and coordinating the computer applications in an enterprise.

  • I

    IDEF (Integrated Definition)

    IDEF (for Integrated Definition) is a group of modeling methods that can be used to describe operations in an enterprise.

  • interoperability

    Interoperability (pronounced IHN-tuhr-AHP-uhr-uh-BIHL-ih-tee) is the ability of a system or a product to work with other systems or products without special effort on the part of the customer.

  • O

    object

    In object-oriented programming (OOP), objects are the things you think about first in designing a program and they are also the units of code that are eventually derived from the process.

  • Object Management Group (OMG)

    The OMG (Object Management Group) was formed in 1989 by a group of vendors for the purpose of creating a standard architecture for distributed objects (also known as "components") in networks.

  • Object Request Broker (ORB)

    Also see ORBS, a term easily confused with ORB. In Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA), an Object Request Broker (ORB) is the programming that acts as a "broker" between a client request for a service from a distributed object or component and the completion of that request.

  • object-oriented programming (OOP)

    Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model organized around "objects" rather than "actions" and data rather than logic. (Continued...)

  • open API (public API)

    An open API, also known as a public API, is an application programming interface that allows the owner of a network-accessible service to give universal access to consumers of that service, such as developers.

  • ORBS (Open Relay Behavior-modification System)

    A similar but unrelated term is ORB (Object Request Broker).

  • P

    push technology (Webcasting)

    Push technology (Webcasting) is the prearranged updating of news, weather, or other selected information on a computer user's desktop interface through periodic and generally unobtrusive transmission over the World Wide Web (including the use of the Web protocol on intranet).

  • S

    Shareable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM)

    Shareable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is an XML-based framework used to define and access information about learning objects so they can be easily shared among different learning management systems (LMSs).

  • SynchML

    SyncML is an Extensible Markup Language (XML) protocol under development as an open standard for the universal synchronization of data between devices, one of the most important building blocks in the development of third generation (3G) wireless.

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